The National Research Computer Network of Russia (NIKS) was created in 2019 on the assignment of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation on the basis of the integration of research and education telecommunication networks RUNNet (Russian UNiversity Network) and RASNet (Russian Academy of Science Network) that have been functioning for 25 years.

NIKS is the country's largest research and education (R&E) network, a backbone network of a national level, with an extended high-speed backbone infrastructure (more than 5,000 km) and international channels that provide integration with foreign national research and education networks (NREN, including GÉANT and NORDUnet) and also with the global Internet. National-level and regional nodes of NIKS are located in large cities of Russia and abroad and provide access to the network infrastructure to more than 300 higher education and science organizations subordinate to the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation in all federal districts. Over 3 million users (teachers, students, scientists and researchers) take advantage of network bandwidth from 1 to 100 Gbit/s.

The key goal of NIKS is to provide R&E organizations of the country with the opportunities to carry out advanced R&D in priority areas of scientific and technological development, to participate in large Russian and international research projects based on the use of a sustainable ICT infrastructure, integrated into the global infrastructure of world’s NRENs.

NIKS is responsible for the formation and functioning of the unified R&E information space of Russia in order to effectively use the country's advanced R&D infrastructure and innovative activities, including to ensure global accessibility and the possibility of distributed work with big data generated on unique scientific facilities (USF) of the mega-science class, other large USFs, as well as on the basis of the net of R&E centers, world-class research centers and demanded collective use centers.